“We have no parallels for that.”. On one side of the battlefield, at the site of the last stand of the doomed defenders, a great mound of bodies was made by the victors and left for the crows. “Why would a warrior be going round with a lot of scrap metal?” he asks. All rights reserved. Isotope analysis of the remains seemed to bolster that conclusion. The Tollense Valley site in north-eastern Germany was one of the biggest and most brutal battles in Bronze Age Europe +7 +7 Since the 1980s, several pieces of evidence of a battle … Or perhaps they returned to their own homes, a matter of honour settled. But now, more complete DNA results obtained by Burger’s team earlier this year throw water on the theory, at least from a genetic perspective. “We can exclude Southern Europe—places like Serbia or Hungary,” he says. More than three millennia after the sun set on the banks of the Tollense, the battle that took place there still inspires intense debate. The archaeological site by the Tollense River Detlef Jantzen: Large groups of young men killed each other in a bloody battle right by the river. However, something like that did happen. The other side was armed with only flint arrowheads and wooden clubs. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. But it didn’t make a compelling case for the two-group theory. It turned out Tollense river was a site of a big battle which took place around 1200 BC. “But even with modern genomes, you can’t make that much of a distinction between Bohemia and [northern] Germany.”. “They just look like Central and Northern Europeans,” he says. … In 1996, a violently broken human arm bone was discovered at the site of the so-called Tollense battle in Germany, near today's border with Poland, and about 80 miles north of Berlin. Researchers continue to examine clues from bones and weapons found at the site, and a paper published this week in Antiquity looks at an unusual group of artifacts that provide yet another twist in the decades-long search to understand exactly who fought at Tollense, and why. In 2016, Joachim Burger, a population geneticist at the University of Mainz, told Science that initial aDNA analysis suggested a “highly diverse” group of warriors with genetic links from as far as southern Europe. “When the first example of anything crops up, people don’t know what to make of it,” agrees Martin J. Smith, a lecturer in forensic anthropology at Bournemouth University in the United Kingdom. Der Fund verändert das Bild von der Bronzezeit: Vor 3300 Jahren kämpften im Tal der Tollense an der Ostsee Tausende Krieger gegeneinander. This great battle would have been remembered for generations. Think again, Dietrich says: “This assemblage is no scrap hoard.” The time period, site, and likely storage in a container are different enough from the characteristics of known Bronze Age scrap hoards to disqualify their being carried for spiritual reasons, he notes. Ab Neubrandenburg kann die Tollense mit kleineren Booten (Kanus, Kanadier, Ruderbooten) befahren werden. Those axe stashes were likely designed as cultic collections, says Oliver Dietrich, an archaeologist with the German Archaeological Institute. The battlefield extends over a hundred meters along the river. Certainly by historical times however all knowledge of it was lost. Among the stash are also three bronze cylinders that may have been fittings for bags or boxes designed to hold personal gear—unusual objects that until now have only been discovered hundreds of miles away in southern Germany and eastern France. Many were veterans of other raids and battles, with the scarred bodies to prove it. Since then, they’ve published several papers on the site, including one that confirmed its status as a battlefield through analysis of the lesions on victims’ bones and another that speculated the conflict started on the causeway. Fractured skulls and shattered bones found on a German river bank reveal clues to what is considered the earliest, ... Germany reveals Bronze Age remains of brutal battle in Tollense Valley. The battlefield was discovered in 1996 by an amateur archaeologist, who saw an arm bone sticking out of the riverbank. Similarly, the River Tollense could have played a role in the flow of commodities; the causeway at the Kessin 12 site offers a possible connection of the south-north water transportation route via the Tollense River to the Baltic Sea with an east-west land route linking the River Oder estuary region and the Mecklenburg Lake District. It was reported long ago that genetic studies were being made on remains of a surprisingly big battle that happened in the Tollense valley in north-eastern Germany, at the confluence between Nordic, Tumulus/Urnfield, and Proto-Lusatian/Lusatian territories, ca. Could the cache mean the Tollense site was used for more than just a battlefield—or just that its warriors carried more items than archaeologists once suspected? What was thought to be one of Europe’s oldest known battles may have actually been a massacre, German archaeologists believe, with a caravan … The Battle of the Tollense River, 1250 BCE In 1996, an amateur archaeologist found a human arm bone sticking out of the bank of the Tollense River in northern Germany, not far from from the Baltic Sea. The Tollense River was important for north-south trade, and there is an "amazing" concentration of valuable artifacts, like gold rings and jewelry, found … Since the site is the only one of its kind (and barring the invention of time travel), it’s hard to say. All were men aged between 20 and 40. The new DNA analysis did rule out the possibility of the battle being among family members. I never heard of Tollense river before. Archaeologists did some minor digging there at the time and found a bashed-in skull and a wooden club of 73 cm (29 inches). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. I never heard of Tollense river before. Bei mehreren Wehren und Hindernissen (Steinschüttungen, niedrige Brücken und sogenannte Krautsperren) muss während der 68 Kilometer langen Bootsfahrt umgetragen werden. The many bronze finds suggest that offerings took place in the valley during period III, most probably connected to post-battle rituals. The Tollense (German pronunciation: [tɔˈlɛnzə], from Slavic dolenica "lowland, (flat) valley") is a river in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in northeastern Germany, right tributary of the Peene.It has a total length of 95.8 km. A larger sample size and longer analysis revealed a more homogenous population, DNA-wise, than he initially thought. So I decided to investigate the whole thing. Fascinating and sad at the same time. Embedded in the bone was a flint arrowhead. It was a great slaughter – the greatest known about in the Bronze Age. At least 130 bodies and 5 horses have been identified from the bones found. Until one day in 1996, a voluntary conservationist reported finding a humerus bone at the Tollense riverside at low water with an embedded arrowhead made of flint. Proper investigations began in 2007 and since then the above picture has gradually emerged. A flint arrowhead was embedded in the bone. In about 1300 BC in the sodden marshland of the Tollense Valley in northern Germany, 5,000 warriors assembled in two great armies. In fact, the scene as I described it would be argued against by many archaeologists, I’m sure, as there is very little agreement about the actual events. Tollense battle: Bloody slaughter for women and horses 2020-12-17T04:44:59.800Z. Many were veterans of other raids and battles, with the scarred bodies to prove it. “It’s actually quite boring.”, Burger’s yet-to-be-published analysis may cast a dull shadow on the far-flung warriors thesis, but it doesn’t rule out the possibility of participants from places like Bohemia. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Thousands of human bones from the Bronze Age have come to light on the Tollense in Mecklenburg since 2009. After all, says Smith, “The prehistoric past was a dangerous place to live.”, Photograh by J. Krüger, University of Greifswald, Puzzling artifacts found at Europe's oldest battlefield, https://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/2019/10/puzzling-artifact-found-tollense-europe-oldest-battlefield.html. Slagfältet vid Tollense är en arkeologisk fyndplats från bronsåldern i Mecklenburg-Vorpommern i Tyskland.Fyndplatsen ligger i Tollenseflodens dal, öster om Weltzin, i närheten av byarna Burow och Werder i Landkreis Mecklenburgische Seenplatte (se karta).. De arkeologiska fynden visar tydliga tecken på våld och konflikt. I had no idea what this person was talking about. Battle ranged up and down the valley in a hundred pockets of fighting and countless moments of valour and infamy. I am writing my bronze age fantasy series Gods of Bronze and although this battle takes place 1500 years later than my series, it really is a wonderfully evocative and stimulating tale. I wonder also how much more evidence there is out there under our feet, waiting to be discovered…, Read more here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tollense_valley_battlefield. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tollense_valley_battlefield. What I uncovered during this investigation can prove to be one of the most important things I discovered so far, the missing piece of the jigsaw which links all the archaeological, linguistic, genetic and ethnographic data I have so far collected into a single picture. Smith, who was not involved in the Tollense research, says the battle’s sheer scale illustrates the violence Bronze Age warriors were capable of. “This was puzzling for us,” says Thomas Terberger, an archaeologist at the University of Göttingen in Germany who helped launch the excavation at Tollense and co-authored the paper. display . In the Bronze Age, the landscape was more open. Human activity has had little impact on this area. Skelettreste … Was this a battle between different groups of people from across Europe, or just a very large, localized family feud? In a Danish laboratory, a team of archaeologists are studying a set of ancient remains. Over the past millennia, the flow of the river has changed slightly. Like almost all events in history, it was forgotten forever. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Human remains were also found in the sediment deposit, supporting the idea that the area was part of the Bronze-Age battlefield. To Terberger and his team, that lends credence to their theory that the battle wasn’t just a northern affair.

Weinkeller Flein-talheim Schwarzriesling, Netzteil Hp Elitebook 840 G3, Weltcup St Anton 2020, Uke Augenklinik Kinder, 2 Kroatische Liga, Loekken Dänemark Sehenswürdigkeiten, Stellenangebote Kindheitspädagoge Leipzig, Polar Flow Trainingshistorie Exportieren, Hochschule Für Musik Frankfurt Semesterbeginn,