Monthly averages Barrow Longitude: -156.789, Latitude: 71.2906 Average weather Barrow, AK - 99723. Ecology 56(2): 401-409. Lara M. J, S. Villarreal, D. R. Johnson, R. D. Hollister, P. J. Webbe and C. E. Tweedie. relevé (R), other (O). It was named by English explorer Frederick William Beechey in 1826 for Sir John Barrow, a statesman and geographer of the British Admiralty. Arctic Vegetation Plots for IBP Tundra Biome, Barrow, Alaska, 1972-2010. Companion file with plot photos, often for multiple sampling events. The U. S. Tundra Biome Program focused on long-term studies to understand tundra adaptations as they relate to the distribution of vascular plants, bryophytes and lichens to environmental factors in the light of future oil development on the coastal plain. 1) is situated near Barrow, Alaska (71018'N, 156042'W). Floristic diversity near Barrow (ca. From the dense moss carpeted rainforests of southeast Alaska, to the wide-open expanses of the tundra on the North Slope these ecosystems and provide habitat for a variety of fish and wildlife species. Necessary for judgements on ‘edge effects’. The decrease in biomass in 2008 occurred during a lemming population peak. The traditional name was voted back in 2016 to support the preservation of the Inupiaq language. 9) Wet Carex aquatilis-Eriophorum russeolum meadow (8 plots). Only 30% of sunlight is visible from the forest floor. Syntaxon name according to the Braun-Blanquet School. As part of the International Biological Program’s (IBP) Tundra Biome project at Barrow, Alaska, the microclimatic regimes of that region are being investi- gated. As a convention, use 360 degrees for north. (2012) for individual sub-plots. Accuracy of georeference as recorded by GPS (m). Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin) Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin) Basic Info. It has not reported separately since. The database contains vegetation plots from homogeneous plant communities with tables of cover or cover-abundance scores for all species and accompanying environmental site data. 2013, Walker and Raynolds 2011). nasa-ornldaac-580 NPP Tundra: Point Barrow, Alaska, 1970-1972, R1. 2011). Taxa are listed in alphabetical order according to the accepted PASL name. Project: Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE). Author's plot number or code if it differs from the reference for the species table. Longitude (decimal degrees). The water around it is normally ice-free for two or three months a year, but this was not the experience of the early explorers. The air distance from Anchorage, Alaska, to Barrow on Point Barrow Headland, Alaska, is 725 miles. 1980). Plot Environmental Data -- Vegetation plot observation and measurement data. It is the northernmost point of the United States. Download this stock image: . Point Barrow is an important geographical landmark, mark… Point Barrow. Broad categories: gravel (GRV), sand (SND), silt (SLT), clay (CLY), loam (LOM), organic (if no mineral soil within the active layer) (ORG). 1978. Species Data -- Presence and cover. The nature and appropriateness, to the Arctic Vegetation Archive (AVA), of data sets gathered using the Webber plant community sampling method. Temperature for the warmest months in the arctic tundra ranges from 3-12° C (37- 57° F). highest (1), high (2), high but incomplete (3), moderate (4), moderate and incomplete (5), low (6). Springer-Verlag, New York, New York, U.S.A. Webber, P. J., P. C. Miller, F. S. Chapin III, and B. H. McCown. 1) Taking photographs of the general site. 8) Moist Carex aquatilis-Oncophorus wahlenbergii meadow (4 plots). These areas of open water, called leads, are favorite places for sea mammals to congregate, as they provide areas to surface and breathe and to haul out and feed. This field is necessary as raw environmental data is often not included in the main publication. Note that functional type percent covers for 2010 were calculated from species cover data by Sandra Villarreal (2012). ABSTRACT: This data set contains three data files. The Alaska North Slope is the region of the U.S. state of Alaska located on the northern slope of the Brooks Range along the coast of two marginal seas of the Arctic Ocean, the Chukchi Sea being on the western side of Point Barrow, and the Beaufort Sea on the eastern.  In 1890, it returned as Point Barrow, which also included the Refuge & Whaling Station and native settlements of Nuwuk, Ongovehenok and winter village on "Kugaru" (Inaru) River.  It did not report in 1900, but appeared again from 1910-1940. Temporal Coverage: 1972-08-01 2010-08-01. Barrow weather averages and climate Barrow, Alaska. The North Slope Borough is committed to having healthy communities, economically, spiritually and culturally. Tundra vegetation change near Barrow, Alaska (1972-2010). 2. Vegetation and Production Ecology of an Alaskan Arctic Tundra. Point Barrow, northernmost point of Alaska, U.S., situated on the Arctic Ocean.Archaeological evidence dates human habitation (by Inupiaq Eskimos) in the area from about 500 ce.The headland was explored in 1826 by Frederick W. Beechey and named for Sir John Barrow, British promoter of Arctic exploration; its Inupiaq name is Ukpeagvik, meaning “Place Where Owls Are Hunted.” Even during the winter, some ice would be grounded in shallow waters near the shore, but farther out, long breaks would develop in the floating ice as winds and ocean currents push and pull at it. These data and their corresponding resampling data from 1999, 2008, and 2010 for the 33 relocated sites (330 sub-plots) were assessed for change and published as part of a PhD dissertation (Villarreal 2013), site-specific papers (Lara et al. The Iñupiat do not hunt gray whales and joined in rescue operations which also involved Soviet icebreakers.. flat elevated plain (includes plateaus and elevated river terraces) (EL_PLN); hill crest (CRST); shoulder (SHLD); backslope (BACK); footslope (includes toeslopes) (FOOT); flat low plain (LW_PLN); riparian zone (includes active floodplains, drainage channels, water tracks) (RIPZN); lake or pond (LAKE). Subzone A (A), Subzone B (B), Subzone C (C), Subzone D (D), Subzone E (E), Treeless Oceanic Boreal (O), Forest-Tundra Transition (FT), Boreal (BO). 3) Field observations of site factors including slope, aspect, and estimates of cover of bare soil, rocks, and the major plant growth forms. Average Weather in Barrow Alaska, United States. Temperature for the warmest months in the arctic tundra ranges from 3-12° C (37- 57° F). 2) Survey of vegetation species and quantification of species cover as described above. State/territory: Alaska (study sites around Barrow) Grid cells: Ahh1Avv0Bh2Bv1. Webber, P.J., S. Villarreal, and C.E. past six decades near Barrow Alaska. 1973). 1980). Refer to reference to determine methods used. Plot locations were obtained via GPS in the early 2000s and are reported for all years of data collection. Beechey could not reach it by ship and had to send a ship's boat ahead. Scientists estimate that these frozen landscapes store twice as much carbon as is found in the atmosphere. Latitude (decimal degrees). 3. The pH reported by author. Note files with either repeated or single measurements. Climate data in this data set are from the weather station at Barrow, Alaska (71.30 N 156.78 W) at an elevation of 31 m. The study plots for biomass measurements in 1970-1971 were 6 m x 6 m in size.  There are also burial mounds in the area, at the nearby Birnirk Site, associated with the earlier Birnirk culture, a pre-Thule culture first identified in 1912 by Vilhjalmur Stefansson while excavating in the area. Precipitation in tundra biome cannot exceed 10 inches per year, but there are notable exceptions. In Barrow, the summers are very cold; the winters are long, frigid, dry, and windy; and it is overcast year round. For example, Nome city in Alaska occurs in a tundra biome. Tundra ecology. The Borough works with the tribes, cities, corporations, schools, and businesses to support a strong culture, encourage families and employees to choose a healthy lifestyle, and sustain a vibrant economy. These files contain species cover data for the vegetation plots. There is also a companion file with plot photos, often these photos document multiple sampling events. inland from Barrow at 71 ’ 18’ N., 156’41’ W., and is characterized … At Barrow the sun remains above the horizon from 10 May until 2 August, yet the summer climate Examples include: An updated classification and change analysis is provided in Villarreal et al. PhD thesis, The University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas, USA. The tundra at Barrow is considered coastal tundra located in the most northern region of North Slope and is characterized by various microtopographic features such as polygons, as well as many ponds and lakes. Plot numbers are the same each year. Annual precipitation levels can reach 20 inches. Aspect is measured counterclockwise in degrees from 0 (due north) to 360 (again due north, coming full circle). Point Barrow or Nuvuk is a headland on the Arctic coast in the U.S. state of Alaska, 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Utqiaġvik (formerly Barrow). 2014. For Iñui… Occupation continued into the 1940s. 7) Mesic Carex aquatilis-Poa arctica meadow (12 plots). 0732885). 1972. https://doi.org/10.3334/ORNLDAAC/1535. Contents of plot environmental data. Webber, P. J. The rain forest biome is a very thick forest. 1980. In 1826 John Franklin tried to reach it from the east and was blocked by ice. Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Callaghan. Tentative Braun-Blanquet habitat as defined by classes. If source differs, approximate accuracy (m). GPS (GPS), Google Earth (GE), map (MAP), aerial photograph (PHOTO), None (NONE). The Tundra Biome aquatic site (Fig. 10) Wet Dupontia fisheri-Eriophorum angustifolium meadow (6 plots). Point Barrow or Nuvuk is a headland on the Arctic coast in the U.S. state of Alaska, 9 miles (14 km) northeast of Utqiaġvik (formerly Barrow). In sections of tundra that occur in proximity to the oceans or large bodies of water. Mission. A horned puffin in flight. See companion file Barrow_Tundra_Veg_Plots_Photographs.pdf. Column headings include the plot identifiers. These data files were edited by Donald A. Walker, Amy L. Breen and Lisa A. Druckenmiller at the University of Alaska Fairbanks' Alaska Geobotany Center and obtained via the Arctic Geoecological Atlas (http://arcticatlas.geobotany.org/), which provides access to existing Arctic vegetation plot and map data in support of the ABoVE campaign. If data were not collected using the relevé method, specify collection method and source. Table 2. MacLean, Jr., and D.F. *_Repeat_Plots_YYYY, report data for the 33 plots sampled on all 4 events on the respective year. 2. The location has been home to the Iñupiat, an Indigenous Inuit ethnic group, for more than 1,500 years. Keeling, S.C. Piper, A.F. A climate graph showing rainfall, temperatures and normals. 2012) and as part of a synthesis of the larger IPY Back to the Future project (Callaghan et al. The AVA-AK is a regional database that is part of the larger Arctic Vegetation Archive (Walker 2016a, Walker et al. Spatial Resolution: Point resolution. NPS Photo / R. Lasell. Subjective assessment of floristic quality by the party that submitted the plot. 1. Also known as Barrow, Utqiaġvik is the northern most settlement in US Alaska. Subjective assessment of taxonomic quality of the cryptogam data by the party that submitted the plot. The tundra at Barrow is considered coastal tundra located in the most northern region of North Slope and is characterized by various microtopographic features such as polygons, as well as many ponds and lakes. Temporal Resolution: Each plot was sampled once in 1972, 1999, 2008, and 2010. Climate change in the Arctic and Boreal region is unfolding faster than anywhere else on Earth. The term Point Barrow whales refers to gray whales that were trapped in the ice at Point Barrow in 1988, which attracted attention from the public worldwide. Nome’s precipitation levels hit 18.4 inches. The vegetation plot data provided are summaries of the ten 1 x 1-m sub-plots. 89 Canadian Arctic (Polunin 1948) and the Western Taimyr, USSR (Matveyeva et al. A gateway to the Arctic ocean, the history in this part of the world dates back to 500 AD … The lack of trees is due to the lack of rain in the area. Here’s another unique opportunity: To see the very northernmost point in the U.S. You can take a full-day tour to experience this rugged outpost. Alaska's Ecosystems Alaska is the largest and least densely populated state in the country, with a reputation for scenic grandeur and bountiful fish and wildlife. Will change over time. Direct link to the plot archive record in the Arctic Geoecological Atlas: http://agc.portal.gina.alaska.edu/catalogs/10178-alaska-arctic-vegetation-archive-barrow-vegeta. Pages 186-218 in Brown, J. et al., editors. R.F. There are still summer cabins constructed by locals and used for subsistence hunting and fishing in this area. The Tundra Biome aquatic site (Fig. A region of tundra > 200,000 km2 in area, the arctic slope of Alaska has continuous permafrost, snow cover for 7-9 mo each year, and low relief (Britton 1966). Figure 3. Documentation Revision Date: Table number(s) in which species data occur in the reference for species data. Monthly temperature, precipitation and hours of sunshine. (1978) Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on the carbohydrate reserve and seasonal nitrogen and phosphorus levels in Dupontia fisheri and Arctogrostis latifolia shoots and rhizomes near Barrow, Alaska. Annual precipitation levels can reach 20 inches. The "Shooting Station" is located a few miles southwest of Point Barrow. McKendrick, J. D., V. Ott and G. A. Mitchell. Ordination and production of tundra vegetation from Niwot Ridge, Colorado, and Point Barrow, Alaska. That equals 1,167 kilometers or 630 nautical miles. (DAAC).  It is immediately adjacent to the Birnirk Site. It is the northernmost point of all the territory of the United States, at 71°23′20″N 156°28′45″W / 71.38889°N 156.47917°W , 1,122 nautical miles (1,291 mi; 2,078 km) south of the North Pole. Relevé number in the species table in the reference for species data. Locations of Barrow IBP vegetation plots. Station Data. An Arctic ecosystem: the coastal tundra at Barrow, Alaska. Table 1. ORNL DAAC, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA. Field estimate of texture at the top of the mineral horizon. 2018-12-31, Data Set Version: Tweedie, C. E.2013. Mean height of the canopy within the stand (cm). U.S. International Biological Program, Washington DC Tundra Biome Data Report 73-22. Method used to collect vegetation-plot data. Archive Center 120 species, Murray and Murray 1978) is low relative to the 574 vascular plant species recorded on the North Slope of Alaska (Webber 1978). Prefixes: Alaska (1), Russia (2), Canada (3). Group of Inuits of America's Arctic coastline who came to visit the camp of the Canadian explorer Vilhjalmur Stefanson, near Point Barrow. The Tundra Biome’s intensive study site is situ- ated on the open tundra approximately 3 km. Tieszen, L. L. (1978) Photosynthesis in the principal Barrow, Alaska, species: A summary of field and laboratory responses. Ambio 40:705-716. Country code generated by Turboveg. Bollenbacher and J.S. Fulfilling my goal to run at the northern most point of the US. In the early 1950s investigations by the U.S. Geological Survey (Brewer 1958) demonstrated the influence of lakes, ocean and buildings on near-surface permafrost temperature regimes and illustrated the characteristic zero curtain during the annual freeze-thaw cycles of 1951 and 1952. Will specify the source of the name in the previous field. 4) Field observation of soil texture and horizon depth. On the flip side, the northerly U.S. city called Point Barrow, experiences annual precipitation levels of 4.3 inches. so named because between 1965 and 1972 it was a launch site for Nike-Cajun and Nike Apache sounding rockets. Both the dataset author determinations and the current nomenclature according to the Panarctic Species List (PASL) are listed. Point Barrow has been a jumping-off point for many Arctic expeditions, including the Wilkins-Detroit Arctic Expeditions and the April 15, 1928, Eielson-Wilkins flight across the Arctic Ocean to Spitsbergen. Each site is divided into 10 sub-plots in which species percent cover is visually estimated in the 1m x 10-cm strip and species presence in the 1-m x 90-cm sub-plot. Archaeological evidence indicates that Point Barrow was occupied by the ancestors of the Iñupiat for almost 1,000 years prior to the arrival of the first Europeans. The IBP study area was active between 1970 and 1973, and focused on a study area near Barrow, Alaska at the northernmost point on the Alaskan Coastal Plain (71°18'N 156°40'W) in close proximity to both the Chukchi and Beaufort Seas. Run at Point Barrow in April 2019 The air distance from Anchorage, Alaska, to Barrow on PointBarrow Headland, Alaska, is 725 miles. Datum is WGS84. Forty-three (43) plots were assessed for estimated percent land cover by species and plot data including moisture, topographic position, slope, aspect, shape, and soil data. Reference from which the environmental data were taken. Nome’s precipitation levels hit 18.4 inches. Miller, P.C., P.J.
Tieszen, L.L. This data set provides vegetation cover and environmental plot data collected as part of the International Biological Program (IBP), U. S. Tundra Biome Program, in Barrow, Alaska in 1972. The second file, also in .csv format, provides net primary productivity (NPP) estimates for different plant growth forms for eight … 2012.Estimated change in tundra ecosystem function near Barrow, Alaska between 1972 and 2010.Environmental Research Letters 7:015507 Environmental characterization data for research plots. Turboveg data dictionary: http://geobotanical.portal.gina.alaska.edu/plot-archive/turboveg-table. The Barrow IBP vegetation plot data have been extensively analyzed, updated, and published. 0000004474 00000 n The accident occurred 15 miles southwest of Utqiagvik (Barrow), a planned stop on their trip from … In 1837 Thomas Simpson walked 50 miles west to Point Barrow after his boats were stopped by ice. Ecological investigations of the tundra biome in the Prudhoe Bay region, Alaska. As a contribution to the IBP, Webber ( 1978 ) described eight plant communities comprised of similar dominant species that differed in their abundance between communities. These data columns and descriptions are identical to the header data in the Turboveg database. 2012.Multi-Decadal Changes in Tundra Environments and Ecosystems: The International Polar Year-Back to the Future Project (IPY-BTF). It is 33 km (20.5 mi) northeast of the Rogers-Post Site, the scene of the airplane crash on August 15, 1935 that killed aviator Wiley Post and his passenger, the entertainer Will Rogers. Photos of Plot 1319 during repeated measurements. The field is left blank to indicate the plot had no boundaries or no estimate of the sampled area. Spatial Coverage: Barrow, Alaska. Tweedie. You’ll also get to see the site of the old village of Nuvuk, which was occupied 1,000 years before the arrival of the first Europeans and is now an important archaeological site. 2018. The 10-cm strip is used for cover assessment and the 90-cm sub-plot for species presence. McKendrick, J. D., V. Ott and G. A. Mitchell. Vegetation and Production Ecology of an Alaskan Arctic Tundra (L. L. Tieszen, Ed.). Point Barrow is an important geographical landmark, marking the limit between two marginal seas of the Arctic Ocean, the Chukchi Sea to the west and the Beaufort Sea to the east.. Here’s another unique opportunity: To see the very northernmost point in the U.S. You can take a full-day tour to experience this rugged outpost. Over thousands of years, the remains of plants (and animals) that never fully decomposed have become part of the frozen soil in Alaska, Canada, northern Europe, and Russia. Productivity of a coastal tundra was studied from 1970 to 1972 at Point Barrow, Alaska, USA. 2016b, Walker 2013). Tieszen, L. L. (1978) Photosynthesis in the principal Barrow, Alaska, species: A summary of field and laboratory responses. Point Barrow, a headland nine miles from town, is where the Chukchi and Beaufort seas meet. The method consists of recording the composition of vegetation in plots each of which is a linear, contiguous arrangement of ten 1 x 1m quadrats placed in a visually homogeneous patch. Table 3. Environmental Research Letters 7: 015508.
Below-ground NPP was estimated from below-ground biomass (Webber, 1978) and from longevity of below-ground plant parts (Shaver and Billings, 1975; Billings et al., 1978). cycle increased by 40% at Point Barrow, AK, and by 20% at Mauna Loa, HI over the period 1960–1993 [Keeling et al., 1996]. One file (.csv format) provides above- and below-ground biomass and leaf area index (LAI) data for a wet arctic tundra meadow (Biome research site 2, Dupontia meadow, vegetation type V) studied from 1970 to 1971 at Point Barrow, Alaska, USA, (71.30 N -156.67 W Elevation 5 m). Natur., Publ. Monthly: 1981-2010 normals History: 2007-2019 The mean average temperature vary according to location, with temperatures of -12° C (10° F) in Point Barrow, Alaska located at (71.3 ° N) to -28° C (-18° F) at the Northern region of Greenland (71° N). That equals 1,167 kilometersor 630 nautical miles. The mean average temperature vary according to location, with temperatures of -12° C (10° F) in Point Barrow, Alaska located at (71.3 ° N) to -28° C (-18° F) at the Northern region of Greenland (71° N). Species cover data are from Tweedie (2013). Omissions? Georeference source. Positive longitudes are east of Prime Meridian, negative longitudes are west of the Prime Meridian. T. V., C. E. Tweedie, J. Ackerman, C. Andrews, J. Bergstedt, et al. Point Barrow. Everett, P.J. vicinity of Barrow by Mather and Thornthwaite (1956), Weaver (1965), Kelley and Weaver (1969) and others. Ground-based research and models suggest that release of this carbon as permafrost thaws is going to accelerate global … This is due to the extreme heat.  All 200 residents were Inuit. 1980. It is the northernmost point of all the territory of the United States, at 71°23′20″N 156°28′45″W / 71.38889°N 156.47917°W / 71.38889; -156.47917 (Point Barrow)Coordinates: 71°23′20″N 156°28′45″W / 71.38889°N 156.47917°W / 71.38889; -156.47917 (Point Barrow), 1,122 nautical miles (1,291 mi; 2,078 km) south of the North Pole. Includes land cover, topographic position, slope, aspect, shape, soil moisture, and soil data. This data set provides vegetation cover and environmental plot data collected as part of the International Biological Program (IBP), U. S. Tundra Biome Program, in Barrow, Alaska in 1972. The Arctic-Boreal Vulnerability Experiment (ABoVE) iis a NASA Terrestrial Ecology Program field campaign that will take place in Alaska and western Canada between 2016 and 2021. Webber, P. J. Pages 37-112 in L. L. Tieszen, editor. (Y or N). New York: Springer Verlag, Chap. doi:10.5065/D6XS5SD1. The North Slope Borough is committed to having healthy communities, economically, spiritually and culturally. A region of tundra > 200,000 km2 in area, the arctic slope of Alaska has continuous permafrost, snow cover for 7-9 mo each year, and low relief (Britton 1966). Datum is WGS84. Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Aspect of relevé (degrees). The savanna biome is basically grassland with very few trees. The Vegetation Pattern and Succession. Methods for quantifying pH vary. The waters off Point Barrow are on the bowhead whale migration route and it is surmised that the site was chosen to make hunting easier. Original data from 1972 were classified and community descriptions were published as a report (Webber & Ebert 1973) and as a component of two IBP books (Brown et al. Villarreal, S. 2013. International Polar Year (IPY) Back to the Future (BTF): Changes in arctic ecosystem structure over decadal time scales. ANPP, BNPP, and TNPP values reported in ORNL data sets. Each plot was a minimum of 10 m2, Temporal Coverage: 1972-08-01 2010-08-01. There are ten data files in comma-separated format (.csv) with this data set. Temporal Resolution: Each plot was sampled once in 1972, 1999, 2008, and 2010. square (S), rectangle (R), linear/band-forming (L), circular (O), irregular (I), more subplots combined (C), unknown (not-recorded) (N). Column name syntax is YYYY-plot number, where YYYY = 1972, 1999, 2008, or 2010. Webber, S.F. It is derived from the Iñupiat word utqiq, also used for "potato". In Walker, D.A. Content of species data files for the vegetation plots. 2012, Villarreal et al. There is a nearby Global Atmosphere Watch atmospheric monitoring station. Plot data reported in *_Single_Plots_1972.csv are for 10 plots not relocated in 1999 for repeated measurements. Figure 1. Current Taxonomy according to the Panarctic Species List (PASL) without authors names, PASL_TAXON_SCIENTIFIC_NAME_WITH_AUTHOR(S), Current Taxonomy according to the Panarctic Species List (PASL), 1972-206 - 1972-1325 (33 repeated measurement plots for years 1972, 1999, 2008, and 2010), ----------------------------------------------------------------, 1972-315 - 1972-1326 (10 single measurement plots, measured in 1972 only). At Barrow the sun remains above the horizon from 10 May until 2 August, yet the summer climate The coastal tundra at Barrow. For example, could be land management unit, national park, or mountain range. Puffins belong to the Alcid family, a group of diving birds that swim underwater using their wings for propulsion and their feet for steering. These data are available through the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) Distributed Active Figure 2. Just west of the Alaska Airlines terminal at Ahkovak and Momegana Streets, is the Will Rogers and Wiley Post Monument. Mean height of herb layer including graminoids, forbs and dwarf shrubs (cm). In 1999, 2008, and 2010, 33 of the same plots were resampled for these same measures as part of the “IPY Back to the Future: Resampling old research sites to assess changes in high latitude terrestrial ecosystem structure and function project”. Akureyri, Iceland. Webber, P. J. and D. C. Ebert. Area of the relevé (m2). For example, Nome city in Alaska occurs in a tundra biome. NPP Tundra: Point Barrow, Alaska, 1970-1972, R1 This data set contains three data files. The six-sided monument honors pioneer Wiley Post and comedian and homespun philosopher Will Rogers who died in 1935 when their plane went down 15 miles southwest of Barrow during a flight to Seberia. There is also a companion file with plot photos documenting multiple sampling events. The desert biome is a very dry area, with very little amounts of plants and animals. Region as indicated by author. Even before the climate changes of the past decade, sea ice near Barrow has rarely been a solid, unbroken sheet stretching to the limitless horizon. ", Northernmost point of the United States in Alaska, northernmost point on the North American mainland, "The Northernmost Points In The United States", http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1880a_v1-17.pdf, http://www2.census.gov/prod2/decennial/documents/1890a_v8-01.pdf, The Papers of Henry W. Greist on Point Barrow, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Point_Barrow&oldid=1012271777, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 March 2021, at 14:32. Mean thickness of the moss layer including live and dead moss (cm). The headland is an important archaeological site, yielding burials and artifacts associated with the Thule culture, including uluit and bola. Relevé location as indicated by the author. Has the relevé been sampled more than once? Point Barrow first appeared on the 1880 U.S. Census as the unincorporated Inuit village of "Kokmullit" (AKA Nuwuk). 6) Dry Salix rotundifolia heath (6 plots). 1980, Webber 1978, Webber et al. Species cover data are given as percentage. These sites were resampled by Webber, Craig Tweedie, Robert Hollister, Sandra Villarreal and others in 1999, 2008, and 2010, and assessed for community change by Villarreal as part of the 'IPY Back to the Future: Resampling old research sites to assess changes in high latitude terrestrial ecosystem structure and function project' (NSF Award No. The North Slope of Alaska (NSA) atmospheric observatory is providing data about cloud and radiative processes at high latitudes. Original data from 1972 were classified and community descriptions were published as a report (Webber & Ebert 1973) and as a component of IBP books (Brown et al. Shape of the relevé area. Scientists say the Arctic is warming twice as fast as the rest of the planet, and former North Slope Borough Mayor Edward Itta has called Utqiagvik “ground zero for climate-change science.” 1) is situated near Barrow, Alaska (71018'N, 156042'W). (The northernmost point on the North American mainland, Murchison Promontory in Canada, is 40 miles (64 km) farther north.)
Discord Dm Spam Bot, Gehalt übersetzer Englisch, Wilde Brombeeren Kultivieren, Master-fernstudium 1 Jahr, Best Homunculus Stats Ragnarok, Führungskraft Finanzverwaltung Nrw, Kind Verliert Büschelweise Haare, 10 Mehrteilige Eigennamen Beispiele, Shift Dauerhaft Aktiviert, Marcel Daum Ehefrau, Statista Gehalt Pflege,